Countermarks of the Ottoman Empire 1880 - 1922 by Kenneth M. Mackenzie and Samuel Lachman 

Hawkins Publications, 1974. 50 pages, softcover

ISBN-10: 0904173038 / ISBN-13: 978-0904173031

Author's Introduction

The purpose of this work is to present all available information concerning the countermarks struck in the Ottoman Empire from about 1880 until the end of the Sultanate. From the available data, it is known that countermarks were struck by religious institutions and by municipalities. It is possible that other pubic institutions and perhaps even private enterprises may have struck them, but so far no information in this respect is available. At a number of localities coins were countermarked both by the municipality and the church. Countermarks are known in Turkish, Greek (perhaps some Cyrillic letters are used for other languages), Latin, Hebrew and Armenian. Possibly some countermarks are monograms, and others are just emblems, such countermarks, with the exception of the Turkish emblems are listed under the headings of 'various,' which also embodies other countermarks which have been difficult to decipher and cannot be identified. About two thirds of the countermarks are Greek. A brief note has been given in the introdution to the various categories about the purpose of the countermarks including comments on some of the individual countermarks.

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Countermarks of the Ottoman Empire 1880 - 1922 by Kenneth M. Mackenzie and Samuel Lachman

  • Product Code: 1914
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  • £15.00


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